In our fourth Swahili lesson, we are going to learn about the days of the week, the months of the year and also how to write dates in Swahili. Sorry, the Americans and all how use different date format. The lesson is going to be conducted in English date format (day/month/year). So, First of all, lets learn the different days in Swahili.
In Swahili, the days of the week are named by their number in order the week. When naming the days all expect the two last days, Thursday and Friday (which are borrowed from Arabic) are have the prefix Juma- . Saturday is the first day of the week so it is called Jumamosi. Notice that Since Saturday is the first day of the week, it has mosi from moja. So second day will have prefix simliar to mbili (two) and it does. It is pili. Hence since Sunday is the second day of the week it is Jumapili. If you don't remember the Swahili numbers please I recommend that it would be good for you to go back the Swahili numbers lesson. Click here to go back and remind yourself .
|Next week||Wiki ujao|
|Next Month||Mwezi ujao|
|Next Year||Mwaka ujao|
|Last week||Wiki iliyopita|
|Last month||Mwezi uliopita|
|Last year||Mwaka jana|
Now let's look at the months. The second table shows you other ways in which you could address the months of the year. The naming months in Swahili is very similar to English but with a bit of difference.
|First Month (of the Year)||Mwezi wa kwanza (wa mwaka)|
|Second Month||Mwezi wa plili|
|Third Month||Mwezi wa tatu|
|Fourth Month||Mwezi wa nne|
|Fifth Month||Mwezi wa tano|
|Sixth Month||Mwezi wa sita|
|Seventh Month||Mwezi wa saba|
|Eighth month||Mwezi wa nane|
|Ninth Month||Mwezi wa tisa|
|Tenth Month||Mwezi wa kumi|
|Eleventh Month||Mwezi wa kumi na moja|
|Twelfth Month||Mwezi wa kumi na mbili|
How to Write Dates in Swahili
Lets look on how you might answer if you are asked such questions.
|What is today's date?||Leo ni Tarehe Ngapi?|
|What is tomorrow's today?||Kesho in Tarehe Ngapi?|
|What's the date?||Tarehe Ngapi?|
In Swahili, dates are named after Ordinal Numbers. The date format that the Swahili language uses is: Day of the week / "tarehe" Date / (mwezi wa) Month / (mwaka wa) Year. The Swahili words in brackets is optional to say. It's only the word tarehe is which is a must say. Tarehe is just translated as date in English
So, for example you would like to say: Saturday 28th May 2016. Then it would be: Jumamosi tarehe ishrini na nane mwezi wa mai mwaka wa elfu mbili na kumi na sita. In this Section you need to know the Swahili numbers well to be able to understand the Dates.
|Saturday 9th December 1961 ( Tanzanian Independence day )||Jumamosi Tarehe Tisa Mwezi wa Disemba Mwaka Wa Elfu moja Mia tisa na Sitini na moja|
|Thursday 12th December 1963 ( Kenyan Independence Day )||Alhamisi Tarehe kumi na mbili Mwezi wa Disemba mwaka wa elfu moja mia tisa na Sitini na tatu|
|9th January 1777||Tarehe tisa Januari mwak wa eflu moja mia saba na sabani na saba|
|26 April 2010||Tarehe ishrini na sita Aprili elfu na mbili na kumi|
|30 September 2031||Tarehe Thelathini mwezi wa Septemba Mwaka elfu na mbili na kumi|